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    Equations of fluid dynamics

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    m9 Equations of fluid dynamics

    مُساهمة من طرف teacher في الخميس 08 مايو 2008, 4:54 pm


    Equations of fluid dynamics

    The foundational axioms of fluid dynamics are the conservation laws, specifically, conservation of mass, conservation of linear momentum (also known as Newton's Second Law of Motion), and conservation of energy (also known as First Law of Thermodynamics). These are based on classical mechanics and are modified in quantum mechanics and general relativity. They are expressed using the Reynolds Transport Theorem.
    In addition to the above, fluids are assumed to obey the continuum assumption. Fluids are composed of molecules that collide with one another and solid objects. However, the continuum assumption considers fluids to be continuous, rather than discrete. Consequently, properties such as density, pressure, temperature, and velocity are taken to be well-defined at infinitesimally small points, and are assumed to vary continuously from one point to another. The fact that the fluid is made up of discrete molecules is ignored.
    For fluids which are sufficiently dense to be a continuum, do not contain ionized species, and have velocities small in relation to the speed of light, the momentum equations for Newtonian fluids are the Navier-Stokes equations, which is a non-linear set of differential equations that describes the flow of a fluid whose stress depends linearly on velocity gradients and pressure. The unsimplified equations do not have a general closed-form solution, so they are only of use in Computational Fluid Dynamics or when they can be simplified. The equations can be simplified in a number of ways, all of which make them easier to solve. Some of them allow appropriate fluid dynamics problems to be solved in closed form.
    In addition to the mass, momentum, and energy conservation equations, a thermodynamical equation of state giving the pressure as a function of other thermodynamic variables for the fluid is required to completely specify the problem. An example of this would be the perfect gas equation of state:



    where p is pressure, ρ is density, Ru is the gas constant, M is the molecular mass and T is temperature.



    farao


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    m9 رد: Equations of fluid dynamics

    مُساهمة من طرف mezooo125 في الجمعة 09 مايو 2008, 1:19 am

    thanksssssssssss cheers


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    m9 رد: Equations of fluid dynamics

    مُساهمة من طرف Asmaa Mahmoud في الجمعة 09 مايو 2008, 11:59 pm

    where is the equation of fluid dynamics?????????????


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